Why do drinkers have problems with bones
Unbelievable but true – drinkers there was a significant weakening of the bones. In addition, doctors and specialists in the field of medicine say that people who are abusing alcohol more often suffer from fractures of the hands and feet, and the accretion of bone occurs slowly.
When this doctor for a long time could not explain why it happens this way and not otherwise. Previously, such effects of alcohol on human bone explained and malnutrition drinkers, and the various relationships between alcohol and human hormones.
However, representatives of the Medical Center at the Loyola University of Illinois in the city of Maywood conducted experiments, having come to the conclusion that alcohol really has a negative impact on the accretion of bone. This connection occurs at the cellular and molecular levels. According to scientists, weakening of bones can be not only in alcoholics but also for those who just like to drink often.
There is a huge risk that this problem with the bones may occur primarily in people of adolescent age. The body of young people just beginning to stock up calcium in their bones, that they eventually became stronger and stronger.
The results of a unique study were officially revealed October 6, 2013. Scientists have shared the fruits of their labors at the Annual Meeting of the American society of Professionals in the Field of Research of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.
One of the leading authors of the study, resident Department of orthopaedic surgery Medical School Stritch Roman Natoli noted that the abuse of alcohol will lead to negative consequences for human bones. We can say that alcohol deals a double blow to the bones.
Dr. Natoli said that most cases of fractures of any part of the human body as a result of unforeseen situations, falls from a height car accidents associated with alcohol use. Scientists came to the conclusion that alcohol significantly increase the risk of bone fractures and interfere with their normal splicing.
Meanwhile, there is another side of the coin. It is known that the consumption of a small amount of alcohol sometimes has a positive effect on bone health. The journal Menopause published information on the results of one study, which was conducted in 2012. It was found that the consumption of no more than one glass of wine daily reduces the loss of bone mass in women aged over 50 years. In 2008 also took place to be an experiment whose results showed that consumption of one glass of wine a day significantly reduces the riskof hip fracture.
To understand the causes of such effects of alcohol on bones scientists were possible not at once. Roman Natoli, along with his assistants had to carry out experiments on mice. Laboratory mice were divided into two groups. The first group received a fairly large dose of alcohol, the second, control group, alcohol is not received.
Experience has shown that the bone tissue of rodents that received alcohol was formed not so quickly as those of mice that were included in the control group. In the end it turned out that the bone of mice included in the first group, not as strong as in rodents in the second group.
Moreover, the group of alcohol showed signs of oxidative stress, resulting in the formation of chemicals. These chemicals disrupt the normal cellular function, if they are not where they should be.
In the first group were also found to lower the level of one of the proteins that is called osteopontin. This protein participates in the activation of stem cells, which later transformirovalsya in the bone.
We should say a few words about stem cells. Dr. Natoli noticed that wants to conduct a study on rodents with the use of injection with stem cells of the bone together with the antioxidant NAc is able to deal with oxidative stress. Such an experiment is necessary in order to find out if this will help speed up the recovery process of mice received a large dose of alcohol.
The researcher Roman Natoli noted that such therapy may need real alcoholics in the world today. Although as the most effective means for treatment of the fracture and early bone healing Dr. Natoli has proposed to abandon the use of alcoholic beverages is not just for a few days or weeks, but for a few months. According to the specialist, the bone needs to heal properly, to grow and be healthy.
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